Publications

(most recent at top)

2022

Aa, E., Zhang, S.-R., Wang, W., Erickson, P. J., Qian, L., Eastes, R., et al., Pronounced suppression and X-pattern merging of equatorial ionization anomalies after the 2022 Tonga volcano eruption. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 127, e2022JA030527. https://doi.org/10.1029/2022JA030527, 2022

Laskar, F. I., N. M. Pedatella, M. V. Codrescu, R. W. Eastes , W. E. McClintock, Improving the thermosphere ionosphere in a whole atmosphere model by assimilating GOLD disk temperatures. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 127, e2021JA030045. doi:10.1029/2021JA030045, 2022

Park, J., Huang, C.-S., Eastes, R. W., & Coster, A. J., Temporal evolution of low-latitude plasma blobs identified from multiple measurements: ICON, GOLD, and Madrigal TEC. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 127, e2021JA029992. https://doi.org/10.1029/2021JA029992, 2022

Park, J., Evans, J. S., Eastes, R. W., Lumpe, J. D., van den Ijssel, J., Englert, C. R., & Stevens, M. H.,  Exospheric temperature measured by NASA-GOLD under low solar activity: Comparison with other data sets. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 127, e2021JA030041. https://doi.org/10.1029/2021JA030041, 2022

Park, J., Rajesh, P. K., Ivarsen, M. F., Lin, C. C. H., Eastes, R. W., Chao, C. K., et al.,  Coordinated observations of rocket exhaust depletion: GOLD, Madrigal TEC, and multiple low-Earth-orbit satellites. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 127, e2021JA029909. https://doi.org/10.1029/2021JA029909, 2022

Sun, M., Zhu, Q., Dong And Jiaji Wu, X., Analysis of inversion error characteristics of stellar occultation simulation data. Earth and Planetary Physics 6, 0–0.. doi:10.26464/epp2022013, 2022

2021

EOS editor’s highlight, A. Maute, March 2021 – https://eos.org/editor-highlights/gold-sees-quasi-stationary-waves-in-the-nighttime-ionosphere.

Laskar, F. I., R. W. Eastes, M. V. Codrescu, J. S. Evans, A. G. Burns, W. Wang, W. E. McClintock, S. Aryal, X. Cai, Response of GOLD retrieved thermospheric temperatures to geomagnetic activities of varying magnitudes. Geophysical Research Letters, 48, e2021GL093905, doi:10.1029/2021GL093905, 2021

England, S.L., K. R. Greer, S. Zhang, S. Evans, S. C. Solomon, R. W. Eastes, W. E. McClintock, A. G. Burns, First comparison of traveling atmospheric disturbances observed in the middle thermosphere by global-scale observations of the limb and disk to traveling ionospheric disturbances seen in ground-based total electron content observations, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 126, e2021JA029248, doi:10.1029/2021JA029248, 2021.

Cai, X., A. G. Burns, W. Wang, L. Qian, S. C. Solomon, R. W. Eastes, W. E. McClintock, F. I. Laskar, Investigation of a neutral ‘tongue’ observed by GOLD during the geomagnetic storm on May 11,2019, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, doi:10.1029/2020JA028817, 2021

Laskar, F., N.M. Pedatella, M. V. Codrescu, R. W. Eastes, J. S. Evans, A. G. Burns, and W.E. McClintock, Impact of GOLD Retrieved Thermospheric Temperatures on a Whole Atmosphere Data Assimilation Model, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics126, e2020JA028646, doi:10.1029/2020JA028646, 2021.

Schmölter, E., Berdermann, J., & Codrescu, M., The Delayed Ionospheric Response to the 27 day Solar Rotation Period Analyzed With GOLD and IGS TEC Data, Journal of Geophysical Research (Space Physics), 126(2), e28861, doi:10.1029/2020JA028861, 2021

Chen, S.-P., Lin, C. (C H. ) ., Rajesh, P. K., Liu, J.-Y., Eastes, R., Chou, M.-Y., & Choi, J.-M., Near Real Time Global Plasma Irregularity Monitoring by FORMOSAT 7/COSMIC 2, Journal of Geophysical Research (Space Physics), 126(1), e28339, doi:10.1029/2020JA028339, 2021

Aa, E., Zhang, S.-R., Erickson, P. J., Coster, A. J., Goncharenko, L. P., Varney, R. H., & Eastes, R., Salient midlatitude ionosphere-thermosphere disturbances associated with SAPS during a minor but geo-effective storm at deep solar minimum. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 126, e2021JA029509. https://doi.org/10.1029/2021JA029509, 2021

He, J., Yue, X., & Ren, Z., The impact of assimilating ionosphere and thermosphere observations on neutral temperature improvement: Observing system simulation experiments using EnKF. Space Weather, 19, e2021SW002844. https://doi.org/10.1029/2021SW002844, 2021

Rodríguez‐Zuluaga, J., Stolle, C., Yamazaki, Y., Xiong, C., & England, S. L., A synoptic‐scale wavelike structure in the nighttime equatorial ionization anomaly, Earth and Space Science, 8, e2020EA001529. https://doi.org/10.1029/2020EA001529, 2021

Krier, C. S., England, S. L., Greer, K. R., Evans, J. S., Burns, A. G., & Eastes, R. W., Deducing non- migrating diurnal tides in the middle thermosphere with GOLD observations of the Earth’s far ultraviolet dayglow from geostationary orbit. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics126, e2021JA029563. https://doi.org/10.1029/2021JA029563, 2021 

2020

Chen, S. P., C. H. Lin, P. K. Rajesh, J. Y. Liu, R. Eastes, M. Y. Chou, and J. M. Choi, Near real-time global plasma irregularity monitoring by FORMOSAT-7/COSMIC-2, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics126, e2020JA028339, doi:10.1029/2020JA028339, Dec. 2020.

Martinis, C., R. E. Daniell, R. W. Eastes, J. Norrell, S. C. Solomon, A. G. Burns, J. Smith, and J. Klenzing, Longitudinal variation of post-sunset plasma depletions from the Global-scale Observations of the Limb and Disk (GOLD) mission, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 126, e2020JA028510 , doi:10.1029/2020JA027820, December 2020.

Chou, M.-Y., N. M. Pedatella, Q. Wu, J. D. Huba, C. H. Lin , W. S. Schreiner, J. Braun, R. W. Eastes, and J. Yue, Observation and simulation of the development of equatorial plasma bubbles:  post-sunset rise or upwelling growth?, Journal of Geophysical Research48, e2020JA028544, doi:10.1029/2020JA028544, Nov. 2020.

Aryal S., J. S. Evans, J. Correira, T. Dang, J. Lei, H. Liu, G. Jee, A. G. Burns, W. Wang, S. C. Solomon, F. I. Laskar, W. E. McClintock, and R. W. Eastes, First Global-scale Synoptic Imaging of a Solar Eclipse in the Thermosphere, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 125, e2020JA027789, doi:10.1029/2020JA027789, September 2020.

Cai, X., A. G. Burns, W. Wang, L. Qian, S. C. Solomon, R. W. Eastes, N. Pedatella, R. E. Daniell, and W. E. McClintock, The 2D evolution of thermospheric O/N2 response to weak geomagnetic activity during solar-minimum observed by GOLD, Geophys. Res. Lett.48, e2020GL088838, doi:10.1029/2020GL088838, 2020.

Cai, X., A. G. Burns, W. Wang, A. Coster, L. Qian, J. Liu, S. C. Solomon, R. W. Eastes, R. E. Daniell, and W. E. McClintock,  Comparison of GOLD nighttime measurements with total electron content: preliminary results. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 125, e2019JA027767. https://doi.org/10.1029/2019JA027767, August 2020

Karan, D. K., R. E. Daniell, S. L. England, R. W. Eastes, C. R. Martinis, A. G. Burns, and W. E. McClintock, First zonal drift velocity measurement from a geostationary orbit of Equatorial Plasma Bubble (EPB) using GOLD data J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, doi:10.1029/2020JA028173, August 2020.

Cai, X., A. G. Burns, W. Wang, A. Coster, L. Qian, J. Liu, S. C. Solomon, R. W. Eastes, R. E. Daniell, W. E. McClintock, First observation of post-sunset OI 135.6 nm radiance enhancement in South America by the Global-scale Observation of Limb and Disk (GOLD) mission, and plausible explanation, Journal of Geophysical Research., doi:10.1029/2019JA027767, August 2020.

Evans, J. S., J. Lumpe, J. Correira, V. Viebell, A. Kyrwonos, S. C. Solomon, and R. W. Eastes, Neutral exospheric temperatures from the Global-scale Observations of the Limb and Disk (GOLD) mission, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 125, e2020JA027814, doi:10.1029/2020JA027814, June 2020.

Huba, J. D., and H.-L. Liu, Global Modeling of Equatorial Spread F with SAMI3/WACCM-X, Geophysical Research Letters, 48, e2020GL088258, doi:10.1029/2020GL088258, June 2020.

Eastes, R. W., et al., Initial Observations by the Global-scale Observations of the Limb and Disk (GOLD) mission, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, doi:10.1029/2020JA027823, May 2020.

Greer, K., R. W. Eastes, S. C. Solomon,W. E. McClintock, A. G. Burns, D. W. Rusch, Variations of Lower Thermospheric FUV emissions based on GOLD observations and GLOW modeling, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 125, e2020JA027810, doi:10.1029/2020JA027810, May 2020.

Laskar, F. I., R. W. Eastes, C. R. Martinis, R. E. Daniell, N. M. Pedatella, A. G. Burns, W. McClintock, L. P. Goncharenko, A. Coster, M. A. Milla, W. Wang, C. E. Valladares, and M. V. Codrescu, Early Morning Equatorial Ionization Anomaly from GOLD Observations J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 125, e2019JA027487, doi:10.1029/2019JA027487, May 2020.

Codrescu, S. M., W. R. Rowland, T. M. Plummer, B. A. Vanier, T. E. Berger, M. V. Codrescu, Feasibility of Near-Real-Time GOLD Data Products, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 125, e2020JA027819, doi:10.1029/2020JA027819, May 2020.

Lumpe, J. D., McClintock, W. E., Evans, J. S., Correira, J., Veibell, V., Beland, S., & Eastes, R., A new data set of thermospheric molecular oxygen from the Global‐scale Observations of the Limb and Disk (GOLD) mission. Journal of Geophysical Research Space Physics, 125, e2020JA027812, doi:10.1029/2020JA027812, April 2020.

England, S. L., K. R. Greer, S. C. Solomon, R. W. Eastes, W. E. McClintock, and A. G. Burns, Observation of thermospheric gravity waves in the southern hemisphere with GOLD, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 125, e2019JA027405, doi:10.1029/2019JA027405, April 2020.

McClintock, W. E., R. W. Eastes, S. Beland, K. B. Bryant, A. G. Burns, J. Correira, R. E. Daniell, J. S. Evans, C. S. Harper, D. K. Karan, A. Krywonos, J. D. Lumpe, T. M. Plummer, S. C. Solomon, B. A. Vanier, V. Veibel,, Global-scale Measurements of the Limb and Disk (GOLD) Mission Implementation: 2. Observations, Data Pipeline and Level 1 Data Products, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 125, e2020JA027809, doi:10.1029/2020JA027809, April 2020.

McClintock, W. E., R. W. Eastes, A. C. Hoskins, O. H.W. Siegmund, J. B. McPhate, A. Krywonos, S. C. Solomon, and A. G. Burns, Global-scale Measurements of the Limb and Disk (GOLD) Mission Implementation: 1. Instrument Design and Early Flight Performance J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 125, e2020JA027797, doi:10.1029/2020JA027797, April 2020.

Gan, Q., R. W. Eastes, A. G. Burns, W. Wang, L. Qian, S. C. Solomon, M. V. Codrescu, and W. E. McClintock, New Observations of the Large-Scale Waves Coupling with the Ionosphere Made by the GOLD Mission: Quasi 16-day Wave Signatures in the F-region OI 135.6 nm Nightglow During Sudden Stratospheric Warmings, J. Geophys Res. Space Physics, 125, e2020JA027880, doi:10.1029/2020JA027880, April 2020.

Gan, Q., R. W. Eastes, A. G. Burns, W. Wang, L. Qian, S. C. Solomon, M. V. Codrescu, J. M. McInerney, and W. E. McClintock, First synoptic observations of geomagnetic storm effects on the global scale OI 135.6 nm dayglow in the thermosphere by the Global-scale Observations of the Limb and Disk (GOLD) Mission, Geophys. Res. Lett., 48, doi:10.1029/2019GL085400, 21 January 2020.

Correira, J., J. S. Evans, A. Krywonos, J. D. Lumpe, V. Veibell, W.E.McClintock, and R. W. Eastes, Thermospheric Composition and Solar EUV Flux from the Global-scale Observations of the Limb and Disk (GOLD) mission, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physicssubmitted, 2020.

Ajello, J. M., Evans, J. S., Veibell, V., Malone, C. P., Holsclaw, G. M., Hoskins, A. C., Lee, R. A., McClintock, W. E., Aryal, S., Eastes, R. W., & Schneider, N., The UV Spectrum of the Lyman-Birge-Hopfield Band System of Induced by Cascading from Electron Impact, Journal of Geophysical Research (Space Physics), 125(3), e27546, doi:10.1029/2019JA027546, 2020

Aa, E., Zou, S., Eastes, R., Karan, D. K., Zhang, S.-R., Erickson, P. J., & Coster, A. J., Coordinated ground-based and space-based observations of equatorial plasma bubbles. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 125. e2019JA027569. https://doi.org/10.1029/2019JA027569, 2020

Immel, T. J., Eastes, R. W., McClintock, W. E., Mende, S. B., Frey, H. U., Triplett, C., & England, S. L., Daily variability in the terrestrial UV Airglow. Atmosphere11, 1046. https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos11101046, 2020

Michell, R. G., Auroral structure and dynamics from GOLD. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 125, e2019JA027650. https://doi.org/10.1029/2019JA027650, 2020

2019

Oberheide, J., N. M. Pedatella, Q. Gan, K. Kumari. A. G. Burns, and R. W. Eastes, Thermospheric composition O/N2 response to an altered meridional mean circulation during Sudden Stratospheric Warmings observed by GOLD, Geophys. Res. Lett., 47, doi:10.1029/2019GL086313, 23 December 2019.

Immel, T. J., and R. W. Eastes, New NASA Missions Focus on Terrestrial Forcing of the Space Environment, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 100, 2153, doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-19-0066.1, 25 November 2019.
Full paper (PDF)

Cantrall, C., T. Matsuo, and S. C. Solomon, Upper atmosphere radiance data assimilation: A feasibility study for GOLD far ultraviolet observations, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 124, 8154, doi:10.1029/2019JA026910, 12 October 2019.
Full paper (PDF)

Eastes, R. W., S. C. Solomon, R. E. Daniell, D. N. Anderson, A. G. Burns, S. L. England, C. R. Martinis, and W. E. McClintock, Global-scale observations of the equatorial ionization anomaly, Geophys. Res. Lett., 47, 9318, doi:10.1029/2019GL084199, 07 August 2019.
Full paper (PDF)
Nighttime GIF images (212 MB ZIP)Readme (PDF)

Solomon, S. C., L. Andersson, A. G. Burns, R. W. Eastes, C. Martinis, W. E. McClintock, and A. D. Richmond, Global-scale observations and modeling of far-ultraviolet airglow during twilight, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 125, doi:10.1029/2019JA027645, 13 February 2019.
Full paper (PDF)

2018

Greer, K. R., S. L. England, E. Becker, D. Rusch, and R. W. Eastes, Modeled gravity wave‐like perturbations in the brightness of far ultraviolet emissions for the GOLD mission, Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 123, 5821, doi:10.1029/2018JA025501, 19 June 2018.
Data Collection (519 MB ZIP)

2017

Eastes, R. W., W.E. McClintock, A.G. Burns, et al, The Global-Scale Observations of the Limb and Disk (GOLD) Mission, Space Sci Rev, 212, 383, doi:10.1007/s11214-017-0392-2, 07 August 2017.
Full paper (PDF)

Solomon, S. C., Global modeling of thermospheric airglow in the far ultraviolet, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 122, 7834, doi:10.1002/2017JA024314, 14 June 2017.
Full paper (PDF)

2016

Siegmund, O. H. W., J. McPhate, T. Curtis, S. Jelinsky, J. V. Vallerga, J. Hull, J. Tedesco, Ultraviolet imaging detectors for the GOLD mission, Proc. SPIE, 9905, Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2016: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray, 99050D, doi:10.1117/12.2232219, 11 July 2016

2011

Eastes, R., NASA Mission to Explore Forcing of Earth’s Space Environment, Eos Trans. AGU, 90 (18), 155, doi:10.1029/2009EO180002, 03 June 2011
Full paper (PDF)

2009

Eastes, R. W., CEDAR Satellite Collaboration: A GOLDen Opportunity for CEDAR Science, The Coupling, Energetics and Dynamics of Atmospheric Regions (CEDAR), 55, 5, May 2009

2008

Eastes, R. W., et al., Global-scale observations of the limb and disk (GOLD): New observing capabilities for the ionosphere-thermosphere, in Midlatitude Ionospheric Dynamics and Disturbances, P. M. Kintner, A. J. Coster, T. J. Fuller-Rowell, A. J. Mannucci, M. Mendillo, and R. Heelis, eds., AGU Geophysical Monograph Series, 181, 319, doi:10.1029/181GM29, 2008.